Canon EF 300mm f/4 USM L IS - Review / Test Report
Lens Reviews - Canon EOS (APS-C)

Review by Klaus Schroiff, published June 2005

Special thanks to Markus Stamm for providing two samples of this lens!


The Canon EF 300mm f/4 USM IS is part of Canon's professional grade L (Luxury) series. While not exactly a cheap lens the 300mm f/4L IS is particularly interesting for many serious amateurs ("prosumers"). On APS-C DSLRs the field-of-view resembles a classic 480mm lens (full-format) suitable for wildlife or sports photography. The lens also accepts the Canon 1.4x and 2x tele-converters so the range can be expanded quite a bit e.g. into bird photography. We also had a brief look at the performance of this lens combined with the Canon EF 1.4x II resulting in a 420mm f/5.6 package (~670mm). Using the 1.4x converter both AF as well as IS remains active on all EOS cameras (incl. film SLRs). Using the 2x converter will deactivate AF on most models (due to a f/5.6 limit) except the EOS 3 and the EOS 1(D) series (f/8 limit here). On most modern cameras EOS cameras IS will remain functional with the 2x converter.

The lens incorporates a first-generation Image Stabilizer (IS) with a claimed gain of 2 f-stops for hand held photography. In the field I was able to confirm this statement. Due to the weight of the lens it may even be a little more than that.
Unlike the consumer variants the IS system has 2 modes - the normal one for static shooting (horizontal + vertical stabilization) and a panning mode (horizontal OR vertical stabilization - the panning direction is automatically detected). Unlike the 2nd generation IS used in later designs the variant of the 300mm f/4 L IS has no tripod detection so IS needs to be switched off here in order to avoid interference effects. On an unstable tripod or monopod the IS can remain active - it just has to detect some kind of motion.
It is worth to mention that one of the two tested samples of this lens suffered from a very noisy (squeaky and raspy) IS operation - despite some servicing by Canon.

The lens features a ring-type USM AF drive (rear focusing) with full-time manual focusing in one-shot AF mode. AF speed feels extremely fast with this lens. The minimal focus distance is 1.5m resulting in a max. magnification of ~1:4 (~1:3 with the 1.4x converter). Manual focusing feels very smooth as to be expected from an L grade lens.

The optical construction is made of 15 elements in 11 groups which is a rather unusual high number of elements for a fix-focal lens. There're 2 UD (Ultra-low Dispersion) elements to correct aberrations. The lens features 8 aperture blades. The filter size is 77mm.
At 1190g it is a rather heavy lens and with a dimension of 90x221mm it's also long - nothing for a colt bag anymore. The lens has a build-in hood which can be extended simply by pushing it towards the front from its base position. A good solution making a attachable hood obsolete and using polarizers isn't quite as awkward.